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Who cleans up in schools?

Article | Published in TES Newspaper on 9 September, 2005 | By: Graeme Paton and Helen McCormack

From the cleaner to the Secretary of State - the gulf in pay has never been wider. Graeme Paton and Helen McCormack report

Teachers' pay is back in the spotlight. Again. An annual debate, which gathers pace over the summer months, will come to a head in October when the School Teachers' Review Body makes its recommendations on salaries.

Ruth Kelly, the Education Secretary, has already had her penny's worth - by proposing a 2 per cent pay rise for most teachers. The National Union of Teachers wants an extra 10 per cent and the National Association of Head Teachers and Secondary Heads Association have asked the review body to widen the pay gap between classroom teachers and heads. But what about those who set the salaries?

Today The TES turns the tables on the politicians and officials who have the biggest influence over teachers' pay to reveal who are the real winners and losers in the education sector. From the classroom assistants at the bottom to the superheads at the top, the gulf in school pay has never been wider. But to find out who the richest members of Education UK are, we need to look beyond the classroom - to the select band of unelected education quangos.

Top of the tree for the third year running is Ken Boston, chief executive of the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority. The Australian, a former head of education in the state of New South Wales, faces more headaches than most, and in recent weeks has been forced to deflect annual claims of dumbed-down A-levels and poorly-graded GCSEs. But, to cope with all his stresses, QCA accounts reveal that Dr Boston received £134,828 in benefits last year, including £31,106 in tax paid by the quango and return flights to Sydney. It also paid the rent on his London property, the accounts show, and his overall package - including £145,000 in salary - increased from Pounds 279,828 to £284,838 in 12 months.

Mark Haysom, chief executive of the Learning and Skills Council, is next on our list after earning £218,000 last year; a figure which is dwarfed by the £430,000 (plus share options and other benefits) he took home in his previous life as managing director of national newspapers at Trinity Mirror.

The other heads of the biggest education quangos, which include Ofsted, the Training and Development Agency for Schools (formerly the Teacher Training Agency) and the National College for School Leadership, all receive six-figure salaries, but they are not alone. At the Department for Education and Skills, Ruth Kelly is on £133,997 a year, at least £3,000 more than her predecessor, Charles Clarke. Sir David Normington, the department's permanent secretary and top civil servant, is on up to £160,000, including pension entitlements, according to latest DfES accounts.

Accounts show that David Hart, the retired leader of the National Association of Head Teachers, was the best-paid trade unionist in the sector, earning £115,550 last year.

Mary Bousted, general secretary of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, was the highest earner among the big three classroom unions, pocketing Pounds 95,985.

But even the salaries of the teacher trade union leaders may be eclipsed by education's leading local council official. According to accounts, Graham Badman, director of Kent, which with 600 schools, educating some 213,600 pupils is England's biggest education authority, earns up to £159,999, more than twice that of Carol Chambers, education director of the smallest council, Rutland, who is paid £69,717.

"Mr Badman is not the only well off educationist working at a local level.

Over the past 12 months a shortage of headteachers has prompted many school governors to offer six figure salaries in their search for a qualified leader. The TES understands one head of a community school has even exceeded the record £120,000 so far paid to a head.

A study released by SHA and the NAHT this week revealed that 20 per cent of secondary schools and 28 per cent of primaries with vacancies failed to appoint a new head. There was an average of only 5.4 applications for primary posts and many remained vacant throughout the year.

SHA has blamed the shortages on a combination of increased responsibilities and the pressure piled on headteachers to perform.

Burlington Danes Church of England secondary, west London, offered up to Pounds 110,000 in November last year, and Highbury Quadrant primary, north London, became the first primary to top £73,000 in its search for a new head.

High salaries are now commonplace among academies. Alistair Falk, principal of the West London academy, was previously the country's highest-paid state school head on a reputed £120,000.

But most heads are not so fortunate. According to the NUT, the typical secondary head earns around £64,581 and primary heads £44,703.

Mr Dunford said, in his submission to the STRB, that there should be a wider pay chasm between classroom teachers and those in the school management team, to act as a better incentive for people to become assistant and deputy heads.

In comparison, new teachers starting their careers this month can expect to earn £19,161 in their first year. The maximum a "normal" classroom teacher can expect to earn (before taking additional benefits and responsibilities into account) is £35,082.

This month, all teachers officially gained the right to spend at least one half-day a week outside the classroom to mark and prepare work - a deal which should boost the value of teaching assistants, many of whom are being expected to take classes in their absence.

But assistants remain the poor relations in the classroom, according to Unison, the biggest support staff union in the country. Pay can vary from council to council, but the union says many assistants take home as little as Pounds 10,560-a-year.



Ken Boston, chief executive,Qualifications and Curriculum Authority up to £284,838

Mark Haysom, chief executive, Learning and Skills Council £218,000 David Normington, DfES permanent secretary between £155,000 and £160, 000

David Bell, chief inspector of schools £155,000 Peter Housden, DfES director general of schools between 150,000 and £155,000

Ruth Kelly, Education Secretary £133,997

Graham Badman, director of education and libraries, Kent between £130,000 and £159,999

Steve Munby, chief executive, £125,000 (plus possible National College for School Leadership £2,500 performance bonus)

Ralph Tabberer , chief executive, Training and Development Agency for Schools £124,000

Carol Adams, chief executive , General Teaching Council for England Pounds 120,000

David Hart, ex-general secretary, National Association of Head Teachers Pounds 115,550

Alistair Falk, headteacher, West London academy £120,000

Beverley Hughes, minister for children and families £97,949

Bill Rammell , minister for higher education and lifelong learning Pounds 97,949

Jacqui Smith, minister of state for schools £97,949

Mary Bousted, general secretary, Association of Teachers and Lecturers Pounds 95,985

Chris Keates, general secretary, National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers £89,004

John Dunford, general secretary, Secondary Heads Association £88,673

Maria Eagle, parliamentary under secretary of statefor children, young people and families £88,586

Phil Hope parliamentary under-secretary of state for skills £88,586

Steve Sinnott, general secretary,National Union of Teachers £87,180

Jean Gemmell, ex-general secretary, Professional Association of Teachers Pounds 73,198

Carol Chambers, director of children's services, Rutland £69,717

Lord Andrew Adonis, parliamentary under secretary of state for schools Pounds 69,138

Typical secondary head £64,581

David Cameron, Conservative shadow education secretary £59,095

Ed Davey, Liberal Democrat shadow education secretary £59,095

Jane Davidson, Welsh minister for education and lifelong learning Pounds 59,095

HMI school inspectors up to £57,000

Typical secondary deputy head £49,314

Typical primary head £44,703

Secondary head of department £40,461

School inspection team member, up to £40,000

Typical primary deputy head £38,634

Judy Moorhouse, GTCE chair £38,400

Primary curriculum area co-ordinator £35,940

Business manager between £33,000 and £36,000

Basic teacher pay after two years £22,338

School bursar between £22,000 and £40,000

Basic teacher pay after one year £20,676

Newly-qualified teacher £19,161

Higher-level teaching assistant between £15,225 and £23,313

School secretary £13,335

Learning mentor between £12,027 and £23, 313

Caretaker £11,706

Language assistant between £10,962 and £23,313

Special needs assistant between £10,560 and £19,092

Classroom assistant £10,560

School meals assistant £10,521

School cleaner £10,278

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