Progression in Writing: Sentence Structure 7-11 Years

This framework can be used to assess the progress of children between the ages of seven and eleven who are learning to write. Useful, high-quality teaching resources have been matched to a number of key statements, which provide a guide for measuring pupils’ abilities in writing sentences.

Step 3a: There is a reliance on simply-structured sentences, though pupils are able to use subordination with support

E.g. The cat fell asleep while it was being stroked

Simple and complex sentences

  • Supports children in using subordinating connectives to extend simple sentences.

VCOP resource bank

  • Various resources, including quick fire activities, games and links.

Minibeasts: adding adjectives to sentences

  • Small sentences about minibeasts. Can children think of adjectives to make the sentences better?

Big Writing spinner game

  • An interactive presentation with an animated spinner that will choose an aspect of a sentence to ‘up-level’. There are four textboxes for you to add your own sentences.

Stretchy sentences

  • Improve sentences with adjectives, adverbs, clauses or commas.

Early morning activities

  • A series of slides with short challenges.

Super, splendid, scintillating sentences

  • A game to help children to ‘up-level’ boring sentences.

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas to develop the use of Ros Wilson’s VCOP.

Extending sentences

  • A set of three-word sentences for children to extend by adding adverbs, adjectives and further information.

Connectives tennis

  • This fun activity requires a bat and a soft sponge ball.

Rainbow writing booklet

  • Ten weeks of activities to support grammar development.

Powerful openers display

  • A very thorough collection, which can be used for small groups or as general reminders around the classroom.

Varying openings

  • Tasks to enhance writing by varying sentence openers.

Year 5 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Ideas for sentence level and shared writing activities.

Year 4 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Explains grammatical principles and features.

Sentence games

  • These games to improve sentence construction cover connectives, openers and punctuation.

Adverbial phrases

  • An activity to encourage children to use adverbial phrases in their writing.

Adjectival clauses

  • Help students to understand and use adjectival clauses.


Step 3b: There is some use of connectives, though mainly ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘so’

E.g. I ran to the shop, but it was closed

Simple and complex sentences

  • Supports children in using subordinating connectives to extend simple sentences.

VCOP quickfire activities

  • A selection of quickfire activities to encourage children to think about vocabulary, connectives, openings and punctuation.

Changing simple sentences

  • Students must change simple sentences into compound sentences. Includes a list of conjunctions.

Colour-coded connectives fan

  • Ten connective words, colour-coded by level.

Super, splendid, scintillating sentences

  • A game to help children to ‘up-level’ boring sentences.

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas based on Ros Wilson’s VCOP.

Extending sentences

  • A set of three-word sentences for children to extend by adding adverbs, adjectives and further information.

Connectives tennis

  • This fun activity requires a bat and a soft sponge ball.

Connectives mat

  • An explanatory mat to help pupils decide which connective to use.

Rainbow writing booklet

  • Ten weeks of activities to support grammar development.

Connective activities

  • Quickfire activities to get children thinking about which connectives to use.

Year 5 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Ideas for sentence level and shared writing activities.

Year 4 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Explains grammatical principles and features.

Sentence games

  • These games to improve sentence constructioncover connectives, openers and punctuation.

Sentence work: connectives

  • Adding connectives to join simple sentences.


Step 3c: There is some limited variation in tense and verb forms, though this is not always secure

E.g. Kirsty is dressing her doll

Looking at verbs

  • Explains what a verb is and how they are used.

Past and present tense

  • A small group activity containing six different sets of sentences which are written in the past and present tense.

Year 5 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Ideas for sentence level and shared writing activities.

Year 4 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Explains grammatical principles and features.


Step 4a: Writing demonstrates some variation in the  length, structure or subject of sentences

E.g. The happy, young boy went to play with his friends at the huge, exciting park

VCOP resource bank

  • Various resources, including quickfire activities, games and links.

Big Writing spinner game

  • An interactive presentation with an animated spinner that will choose an aspect of a sentence to ‘up-level’. There are four textboxes for you to add your own sentences.

Stretchy sentences

  • Improve sentences with adjectives, adverbs, clauses or commas.

Sentence games

  • These games to improve sentence constructioncover connectives, openers and punctuation.

The grammar dance

  • Use drama to improve literacy.

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas based on Ros Wilson’s VCOP.

Rainbow writing booklet

  • Ten weeks of activities to support grammar development.

Powerful openers display

  • A very thorough collection, which can be used for small groups or as general reminders around the classroom.

Varying openings

  • Tasks to help enhance writing through varying sentence openers.

Complex sentence game

  • Children create their own complex sentences with different sentence starters.

Adverbial phrases

  • An activity to encourage children to use adverbial phrases in their writing.

Adjectival clauses

  • Help students to understand and use adjectival clauses.

Connectives

  • A guide to using connectives with some examples.


Step 4b: The writer is able to use some subordinating connectives, such as  ‘if’, ‘when’ and ‘because’, throughout the text

E.g. The leaves on the tree were brown because it was autumn

Simple and complex sentences

  • Supports children in using subordinating connectives to extend simple sentences.

VCOP resource bank

  • Various resources, including quickfire activities, games and links.

VCOP quickfire activities

  • A selection of quickfire activities to encourage children to think about vocabulary, connectives, openings and punctuation.

Changing simple sentences into compound sentences

  • Students must change simple sentences into compound sentences. Includes a list of conjunctions.

Sentence games

  • These games to improve sentence constructioncover connectives, openers and punctuation.

The grammar dance

  • Use drama to improve literacy.

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas to develop the use of Ros Wilson’s VCOP.

Connectives mat

  • An explanatory mat to help pupils decide which connective to use.

Connectives

  • A guide to using connectives with some examples.

Sentence work: connectives

  • Adding connectives to join simple sentences.

Complex sentence game

  • Children create their own complex sentences with different sentence starters.


Step 4c: The writer demonstrates general accuracy and deliberate variation of tense and verb forms

E.g. Although the zebra was on a diet, she couldn’t resist eating a humbug

Looking at verbs

  • Explains what a verb is and how they are used.

Improving sentences

  • Use these short sentences to help improve and expand children’s writing skills.

Complex sentence game

  • Children create their own complex sentences with different sentence starters.


Step 5a: The writer uses a variety of sentence lengths, structures and subjects to provide clarity and emphasis

E.g. The cat, with the injured paw, was taken to the vet

VCOP resource bank

  • Various resources, including quickfire activities, games and links.

The grammar dance

  • Use drama to improve literacy.

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas to develop use of Ros Wilson VCOP.

Powerful openers display

  • A very thorough collection, which can be used for small groups or as general reminders around the classroom. .

Year 6 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Explains grammatical principles such as adverbs and verbs and active and passive voice.

Year 5 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Ideas for sentence level and shared writing activities.

Adverbial phrases

  • An activity to encourage children to use adverbial phrases in their writing.

Adjectival clauses

  • Help students to understand and use adjectival clauses.


Step 5b: Writing demonstrates use of a wider range of connectives, such as ‘although’ and ‘meanwhile, to clarify relationships between ideas

E.g. Although her knees knocked and goose bumps appeared on her skin, she nevertheless continued forward

VCOP resource bank

  • Various resources, including quick fire activities, games and links.

Sentence games:

  • These games to improve sentence constructioncover connectives, openers and punctuation.

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas to develop the use of Ros Wilson’s VCOP.

Connectives mat

  • An explanatory mat to help pupils decide which connective to use.

Connectives

  • A guide to using connectives with some examples.

Connective activities

  • Quickfire activities to get children thinking about which connectives to use.

Year 6 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Explains grammatical principles such as adverbs and verbs and active and passive voice.

Year 5 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Ideas for sentence level and shared writing activities.


Step 5c: The writer uses some features of sentence structure to build up detail or to engage the reader - this might be variation of word order or the use of developed noun and verb phrases

E.g. Inspired by the book she had read, she decided to write a story of her own

VCOP activities

  • A collection of ideas to develop use of Ros Wilson VCOP.

Connectives mat

  • An explanatory mat to help pupils decide which connective to use.

Connectives

  • A guide to using connectives with some examples.

Varying openings

  • Tasks to help enhance writing through varying sentence openers.

Improving sentences

  • Use these short sentences to help improve and expand children’s writing skills.

Year 6 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Explains grammatical principles such as adverbs and verbs and active and passive voice.

Year 5 grammar for writing: teaching units

  • Ideas for sentence level and shared writing activities.

Adjectival clauses

  • Help students to understand and use adjectival clauses.

Direct to reported speech

  • Powerpoint to show the number of steps required to change direct speech to reported.


Progression in Writing: Sentence Structure 5-7 Years

Progression in Writing: Punctuation 5-7 Years

Progression in Writing: Punctuation 7-11 Years


Resources for Writing Progression Home