Everyone writing or thinking about education has problems with elitism.
Magnus Magnusson is no exception. He concludes his excellent history of Edinburgh Academy, The Clacken and the Slate 1824-1974, with a look at the academy today - "An exceptional school for Scotland in that its examination system combines the best of both the Scottish and the English examinations and prepares boys for both Scottish and English universities . . ."
Magnusson's story of the academy's roots and fruits makes good reading.
Clackens, by the way, are wooden long-handled bats with round-headed ends like flat spoons used for the old Scots ball game hailes, akin to shinty, which the academy inherited from the High School and which is still played once a year in the academy yards.
The Clacken was also used . . . on pupil miscreants.