What colour are shadows? Ask pupils then take them outside for a closer look. Paint a picture of "Mr Sun" flying with golden wings across the sky.

Print the stars and the sun using cogs and wheels.


Make costumes and artefacts for a Sun god ceremony. Show pupils landscapes at sunrise and sunset and lit by moonlight - compare Caspar David Friedrich's "Easter Morning" (c1833), JMW Turner's "Sun Setting Over Lake"

(1840), Jean Francois Millet's "The Angelus" (c1859) and Thomas Wright's "Cromford Mill by Moonlight" (1783). How much detail can be seen? Sketch the same landscape in sunlight and moonlight.


Introduce the work of Beatrice Van Ness, who concentrated on painting sun-drenched figures in landscapes using warm colours, conveying the intense heat during her American teaching vacation (see "Summer Sunlight", 1936, National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington). Then paint a figure composition on a hot day outside.


Show students "Sun Tunnels" by Nancy Holt (1973-76), four huge concrete pipes oriented so that the summer and winter solstices and constellations are visible through the apertures. Pierce sheets of card with geometrically shaped holes before turning these into cylindrical tubes, observing the patterns cast during the Sun's overhead passage. Produce a stop-frame film of the changing position of the Sun's rays projected through the apertures.

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