Unions and opposition parties have condemned the Government for disregarding the pay review body and phasing this year's award for teachers. They say the staged 3.8 per cent rise is worth only 2.6 per cent over the year.
The National Union of Teachers claimed that teachers would lose Pounds 50 a month, while heads attacked the deal as a further obstacle to recruiting good graduates.
Tony Vineall, chairman of the review body, said his report had been written against the background of the Government's manifesto commitment to raising standards, the White Paper Excellence in Schools and the Green Paper on educational special needs.
"Much is expected of teachers, and only with their knowledge, skills and commitment, and with sufficient numbers of them, will the Government's targets be met," said the report. The review body said it had been under pressure from the Education Secretary not to use the extra money found for education in last year's autumn Budget on teachers' pay. But because of the need to attract good graduates and to sustain the morale of teachers "whose efforts are crucial to achieving a rise in educational standards" the review body recommended a pay rise of 3.8 per cent which should be implemented in full.
Some reports suggested Mr Blunkett had attempted to resist phasing the award, but when he announced the decision he said: "This is a fair settlement for teachers which reflects the continuing need to ensure the profession attracts, retains and motivates good quality teachers."
Doug McAvoy, NUTgeneral secretary, called it "robbery". He said: "New Labour is behaving more savagely than its predecessor. Teachers with Pounds 40, 000 mortgages will have had a Pounds 50 a month increase in their payments. As a result of staging, they will lose Pounds 50 a month."
David Hart, general secretary of the National Association of Head Teachers, said: "The Government can kiss goodbye to recruiting good honours graduates into teaching and to teachers in senior management positions. What a way to raise standards."
The review body concluded that while the recruitment situation was worsening, there was no evidence yet of a crisis. But it was concerned about the future. A survey of graduates revealed teaching has a bad press in terms of workload, pay and the difficulties of controlling badly behaved pupils.
The report says it is considering the Teaching Training Agency's suggestion of "golden hellos" to attract graduates. This would involve paying off student debts over a number of years.
The review body has introduced discretionary payments for teachers who run out-of-school activities such as homework clubs and summer literacy schools. This will be extra to the 1,265 hours teachers are contracted to work.
The payment is based on the additional duties allowance for teachers in residential schools, which is Pounds 5,541 (15 hours a week for a 38-week year at Pounds 9.72 an hour). The Government will decide whether this sum is pensionable.
The review body recognises unions' fears about workloads and said it welcomed the Government's intent to cut down on bureaucracy.
It concurs with the White Paper that appraisal systems are weak and agrees with the Government that teachers should be assessed on their pupils' results (see story below).
It said: "Given the crucial role of the heads in securing high quality education in school, it is all the more important that arrangements for headteacher appraisal are robust, effective and focused on the key skills of good leadership."
The review body will publish a separate report on the advanced skills teacher grade in March.
Comment, page 18
The 1998 pay round
Main points of the report of the School Teachers' Review Body:
* pay rise of 3.8 per cent. But the Government, ignoring the review body's advice, is to award it in two stages - the first 2 per cent on April 1 with the remaining 1.8 per cent by December 1; * a new entrant with a second-class honours degree will start on Pounds 15,012 when the full pay increase goes through; * a teacher on point 9 will get Pounds 22,410; * the top of the headteachers' spine will be Pounds 59,580; * there will be a discretionary payment of Pounds 9.72 per hour for out-of-school work, including homework clubs and summer schools; * heads to report to chair of governors annually on professional development of all teachers; * heads to ensure school has effective procedures to deal with incompetent teachers; * review body to hold comprehensive review of heads' and deputies' pay arrangements; * people using the new employment-based routes into the profession should be paid either as qualified or unqualified teachers, retrospectively where appropriate, at the discretion of the school or local education authority.