These are some of the reasons for welcoming the recent Department for Education and Skills and NHS joint publication, Stand Up for Us: Challenging homophobia in schools.
The document opens with a primary teacher's assertion that "challenging homophobia is part of our school ethos - we won't tolerate discrimination against anybody". And it is great to see the document applying itself to the primary sector.
Awareness of sexuality is something many have experienced in secondary schools, but primary colleagues still have a crucial part to play in combating homophobia.
It is at primary age that children learn the names that can become name-calling and the prejudices that will become bullying.
Stand Up for Us presents a range of actions such as tackling homophobic language and exploring diversity. Placing the document on our agenda begins to give the oft-overlooked scandal of homophobia the focus our institutions accord to other prejudices.