Most will take time to show real results, but there are some encouraging signs. Evidence is emerging of a decline in child poverty - one of the Government's top priorities, of improved child mental health, and in support for disabled children and their families.
The Sure Start programme, which integrates services for children in deprived areas, is finding ways to help families where it is most needed.
But there is still a need for more joined-up thinking, for instance to bring together the needs of young children and those of their parents for employment and childcare.
Labour made a good start, but the toughest thinking still lies ahead for Margaret Hodge, the new minister for children.