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History - A new berth

For almost 450 years the Mary Rose lay undisturbed on the seabed, sunk by a French cannonball in the Battle of the Solent in 1545. The ship foundered in full view of King Henry VIII and it is said that he could hear the cries of his men as they perished.

The Tudor warship was raised in 1982 and exhibited in a museum at the dockyard in Portsmouth, England, where she was built. But now she has been revived again, along with a host of artefacts, at the new Mary Rose Museum in Portsmouth. There is even a reconstruction of the skeleton of Hatch, the ship's dog.

Forensic scientists have also produced facial reconstructions of some crew members. About 500 crew died when the ship sank, and the museum is dedicated to them.

Maritime archaeologist Alex Hildred was part of the team that excavated and raised the wreck, and has since discovered more about the crew, aged from 12 to 40. They were clearly well fed on the ship but their bones show evidence of childhood conditions such as rickets and scurvy, and healed fractures from wounds most likely received in battle.

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