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Test pieces of carrot, potato and parsnip for starch, glucose and protein. Use quantitative tables to compare the nutrients present with those from cereal and dairy sources. Investigate water, air and humus content as well as the drainage of soils from different locations. Research the soil conditions needed for the growth of root crops and compare them with those required for cereals.

Use a soil-testing kit to find out how pH and nutrient (nitrogen and potash) content of soils vary. Investigate the effect of soil pH on crops.

See a useful table at

Explain the role of microbes in the nitrogen cycle and why using artificial and natural fertilisers has affected its natural balance. Use the Fens and Norfolk Broads to show how fertiliser "run-off" has caused eutrophication in the waterways and its effect on wildlife. See BTCV handbooks on line at

Consider the structural adaptations of halophytes and xerophytes. Explain the osmotic processes which help halophytes survive in salt marshes.

Compare their physiological adaptations with those found in xerophytes.

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