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Ted's teaching tips;The Big Picture

Does the man leading these First World War pilots remind you of anyone? Surely it couldn't have been Hitler.

The First World War When was the First World War (1914-1918) and why are these men unusual (first time aeroplanes - and tanks - were used, first set of pilots)? What does this picture tell you (planes were quite primitive, pilots were "amateurs" compared with today's high-tech ones, ill equipped for battle, for example scarves and goggles).

Conflict Why do countries go to war (many causes, including territorial disputes; religious, ideological, political reasons; vanity or aggression of leaders or ruling factions; resolving a royal succession or argument about who is in charge)? Why did this war start (assassination of Archduke Ferdinand by a Serbian nationalist in June 1914). This was just the spark. The two sides, Britain, France and Russia versus Austria and Germany, were ready for a battle. How does war affect the speed of technological change?

Writingdiscussing Write or enact a debate between two imaginary leaders: one believes that war is inescapable and is heroic (great leaders like Churchill emerge, individuals mature, heroes excel in battle); the other thinks it is a great human tragedy that can be avoided (by diplomacy; millions were killed in the 1916 battles at Verdun and the Somme).

Ted Wragg is professor of education at the University of Exeter

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