A different agenda
The effectiveness of citizenship and enterprise education is being undermined by the "persistence of neo-liberal and neo-capitalist agendas", it has been claimed.
School-based case studies by Strathclyde University researcher Ross Deuchar underlined the many potential benefits of citizenship and enterprise in the classroom. Pupils developed a sense of community welfare, tolerance and political literacy, and their general motivation at school improved.
But Dr Deuchar warns against a "narrow" approach to enterprise and citizenship, which he links to international research suggesting that neo- liberal and neo-capitalist values "continue to influence educational practice".
"Narrow" citizenship, for example, might concentrate on local and national perspectives, whereas global perspectives should also be encompassed; it would see pupils merely taught about democracy, whereas they should be enacting the principles of democracy.
"Narrow" enterprise might prioritise business entrepreneurship over social entrepreneurship; it might also pit individualism against collectivism, rather than looking at how the two can operate simultaneously.