From A to Z;Primary

29th May 1998 at 01:00
Sue Palmer's weekly guide to the alphabet

U is an unusual vowel. A, e, i and o have names that echo their long vowel sound - ay, ee, igh, oa. U's name (pronounced yoo, two phonemes, y-oo) matches its sound only part of the time (unit, cute). On other occasions, u makes an oo sound (blue, rude). And all too often it doesn't even make an appearance in words with these sounds (new, shoe, zoo).

There can be problems also with short u. Southerners have two ways of pronouncing it - the shallow u of cup, sun and butter, and the deeper u of put, pull and push, which is the same as the vowel sound in look and could. Northerners have no such petty distinctions.

Working with other vowels, u is responsible for a wide assortment of sounds, au (aunty, sausage, taut, gauge), ua (dual, suave); eu (feud, Europe) ue (blue, cue, suet); iu (Julius) ui (fruit, ruin); ou (you, your, count, country, colour, rough, though, trough, could . . . oh, and goodness knows how many more) uo (duo); uu (vacuum, continuum).

It is also usually found lurking behind the letter q, and quite often behind g (guide, guard, language). It also turns up in build and buy because of their Germanic origins, and in biscuit, the Old French word for twice-cooked.

Log-in as an existing print or digital subscriber

Forgotten your subscriber ID?


To access this content and the full TES archive, subscribe now.

View subscriber offers


Get TES online and delivered to your door – for less than the price of a coffee

Save 33% off the cover price with this great subscription offer. Every copy delivered to your door by first-class post, plus full access to TES online and the TES app for just £1.90 per week.
Subscribers also enjoy a range of fantastic offers and benefits worth over £270:

  • Discounts off TES Institute courses
  • Access over 200,000 articles in the TES online archive
  • Free Tastecard membership worth £79.99
  • Discounts with Zipcar,, Virgin Wines and other partners
Order your low-cost subscription today