Teachers will be able to increase their pay using evidence of their pupils'
results and achievements.
The Training and Development Agency for Schools has emphasised a "profound culture change" that schools must go through in the coming year to prepare for performance-dependent pay.
New draft professional standards are to go out for consultation next month, as heads of department and other line managers prepare for the responsibility of recommending teachers' pay in September.
Experienced teachers will be expected to demonstrate that their students'
progress is as good as, or better than, the national standard.
The agency is preparing a colour wallchart for teachers, reminding them of standards to be met.
In advance of the new standards, The TES 2006 pay survey shows teachers'
remuneration has never been so good - to the extent that superheads of academies and federations are topping pound;100,000.
But the survey also reveals the conflict between rewarding the best teachers and rewarding those who best fill shortages. Heads of science and maths in London earn pound;9,000 more than peers in language and history departments.
Dame Pat Collarbone, principal adviser to the agency, said the "critically important" standards were intended to help teachers, not to punish them.
She said: "It is not meant to be a big stick. It is meant to be about how we help you improve for the sake of the pupils." She warned that some schools had been treating performance reviews as "a nice chat" between the teachers and their head. That would have to change.
Unions objected to earlier plans to measure teachers on results. The National Union of Teachers said it would advise teachers against accepting the plan. Chris Keates, NASUWT general secretary, said her union would not allow any use of "crude pupil results data" to assess teachers.
High-fliers' rewards, pages 14-15 Leading article, page 34 Voice your opinion at www.tes.co.ukstaffroomhave_your_say