Crisis as one in three quits

31st October 2003 at 00:00
Recruiting new teachers is not a problem, but getting them to stay on is, reports Jacqui Goddard

American schools are suffering from a chronic teacher retention crisis, with almost one-third quitting the profession after just three years, according to a new report.

Close to 50 per cent leave after five years, contributing to a high turnover rate that is undermining children's education, says the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future.

"The problem is critical," said the organisation's executive director Tom Carroll.

"The conventional wisdom is that we don't have enough teachers, but the problem is that we can't keep them. We have a bucket with a huge hole in it and the more teachers you pour in, the more fall through the bottom," he said.

In its report, No Dream Denied: A Pledge to America's Children, the commission concludes that the problem is particularly severe in urban, low-income communities and rural areas, where there is a higher concentration of new teachers. The result, it suggests, is that many feel "lost at sea", while those with more experience are thinly-stretched and over-burdened.

"We have a sink-or-swim approach in which we throw novice teachers into very challenging settings and they are not given the support they need to succeed," said Mr Carroll.

More than 250,000 teachers stop teaching every year and a further 250,000 move posts.

Those leaving for reasons other than retirement outnumber those retiring by a proportion of almost three to one.

The report calls for a national effort to improve teacher retention by 50 per cent by 2006, suggesting strong mentoring opportunities for new teachers and better training as two strategies for improvement.

It says the target laid down by President George W Bush's No Child Left Behind Act for every teacher to be "highly qualified" by the school year 20056 is in jeopardy because of the exodus rate.

James Hunt, chairman of the commission, said: "It is time for our leaders to redouble their efforts to achieve far-reaching education reform by pledging to recruit, prepare, support and pay for quality teachers."

Cuts in the number of visas that allow foreign education specialists to work in American schools could cause more problems. This year 195,000 temporary employment visas were issued to education, health and IT professionals. The number has been cut to 65,000 next year because of the number of jobs in the hi-tech sector being lost to foreigners.

The restriction could cause a greater scramble in the education sector for those that are left. Holders may work in the United States for three years, then renew for another three. At least 10,000 of America's teachers are employed on the visas.

Teri Lyons, head of teacher placement for the Los Angeles unified school district, which hired 50 foreign teachers with these visas this year, said the cuts will cause the district "tremendous problems".

The National Education Association said other types of visa are available, though they are valid for shorter periods. However, it acknowledged in June that shortages in maths, science, foreign languages and special education teachers and in staff willing to work in urban schools had helped create a global market for teachers who were plugging the gaps as temporary employees.

Subscribe to get access to the content on this page.

If you are already a Tes/ Tes Scotland subscriber please log in with your username or email address to get full access to our back issues, CPD library and membership plus page.

Not a subscriber? Find out more about our subscription offers.
Subscribe now
Existing subscriber?
Enter subscription number

Comments

The guide by your side – ensuring you are always up to date with the latest in education.

Get Tes magazine online and delivered to your door. Stay up to date with the latest research, teacher innovation and insight, plus classroom tips and techniques with a Tes magazine subscription.
With a Tes magazine subscription you get exclusive access to our CPD library. Including our New Teachers’ special for NQTS, Ed Tech, How to Get a Job, Trip Planner, Ed Biz Special and all Tes back issues.

Subscribe now