Groups research and present brief biographies - eg Nightingale, Gandhi, Churchill, Mother Teresa, Mandela - then debate who is the most heroic, and why. What is a convincing argument?
Read Kipling's poem, "If", noting his use of rhythm, rhyme and antithesis.
Would students admire such a person in real life, or do these techniques sweep us along despite ourselves?
Discuss: In what sense(s) can Hamlet be said to be the hero of Shakespeare's play? Is he "heroic"?