Explorers

10th January 2003 at 00:00
FRANCISCO PIZARRO

A Spanish Conquistador, Pizarro defeated the Incan empire of Peru between 1530 and 1532. He governed them for eight years, imposing European administration and industry on the Incas. He was murdered in 1541 by Spanish soldiers in a personal feud.

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

An Italian explorer funded by the Spanish, Columbus discovered America in 1492 when, in fact, he was searching for China. Columbus made four voyages to America and the West Indies, providing Spain with great wealth. He died in poverty and relative obscurity in 1506.

HERNAN CORTES

A Spaniard, Cortes arrived in Veracruz on the Mexican coast in 1519, to be met by the indigenous population with gifts of gold. Cortes would eventually conquer the massive empire of the Aztecs by 1521.

HENRY THE NAVIGATOR

Prince Henry the Navigator, of Portugal, only sailed in two voyages, however in the 1460s he financed many voyages of exploration into the New World. He also founded the Portuguese School of Navigation.

HENRY HUDSON

Employed by the Dutch East India Company to search for the North West Passage in America. In 1609 and 1610, he found the Hudson River, Strait and Bay. In 1611, his crew mutinied and he was set adrift in a boat - never to be heard of again.

Subscribe to get access to the content on this page.

If you are already a Tes/ Tes Scotland subscriber please log in with your username or email address to get full access to our back issues, CPD library and membership plus page.

Not a subscriber? Find out more about our subscription offers.
Subscribe now
Existing subscriber?
Enter subscription number

Comments

The guide by your side – ensuring you are always up to date with the latest in education.

Get Tes magazine online and delivered to your door. Stay up to date with the latest research, teacher innovation and insight, plus classroom tips and techniques with a Tes magazine subscription.
With a Tes magazine subscription you get exclusive access to our CPD library. Including our New Teachers’ special for NQTS, Ed Tech, How to Get a Job, Trip Planner, Ed Biz Special and all Tes back issues.

Subscribe now