Schools are being encouraged to seek out objects of historical significance and upload images and information on them to create an online digital museum.
The BBC is asking the question: what histories can be told through our objects?
Neil MacGregor, director of the British Museum, is retelling the history of humanity through these objects in his Radio 4 series A History of the World in 100 Objects.
As well as the programme, there is a website showing more objects from across the UK's museum collections. Individuals and groups will also be able to upload images of objects of historical significance - whether it is a family heirloom or a statue in the local community.
There are already 60 artefacts chosen by Scottish museums available on BBC Local. Edinburgh's Museum on the Mound has contributed the earliest surviving Scottish banknote; East Lothian museums have uploaded images of a beaker found at a Bronze Age burial site in Haddington; and the British Golf Museum in St Andrews has added the first gold medal presented to an Open Championship winner - Tom Morris in 1872.