Teach First is to develop a scheme to attract young professionals with a few years' work experience into teaching.
There will be new bursaries to make teaching "more attractive to the most talented graduates", especially those who sign up to teach shortage subjects.
Funding has not yet been agreed, but those with "outstanding potential" could receive #163;20,000, while those with "satisfactory potential" wanting to teach non-shortage subjects might qualify for #163;4,000.
All teacher training providers will have to publish their employability records.
There will be an expansion of the graduate teacher programme. Those training in this way in future will take on more teaching responsibilities to make it easier for schools to fund their course.
DfE officials will investigate setting up a single application system for all courses - both school and university based.
"Over time", schools should take on greater responsibility for managing the initial teacher training system.
From September 2012, teacher trainees will have to pass a literacy test and a numeracy test at the start of their course. The exams currently have to be passed before the end.