New Labour's education secretaries
Set up community, foundation and voluntary-aided schools, introduced the literacy and numeracy strategies and academies.
Ruth Kelly December 04-May 06
First act was to reject the Tomlinson report, angering the education world, and things did not get much better.
June 01-October 02
Popular with teachers but became bogged down in controversy over primary targets, A-level marking and criminal record checks.
Alan Johnson May 06-June 07
Popular but too busy pursuing his ambition to be Labour's deputy leader.
Charles Clarke October 02-December 04
Bulldozed his way through the schools' funding "crisis", brought in the teacher workload deal and refused to go to the NUT conference.
Ed Balls (Children, Schools and Families Secretary) from June 28, 2007
Has promised fewer diktats from the centre and child-orientated policies.