By the numbers - Disaster relief

22nd November 2013 at 00:00

The recent typhoon that devastated the Philippines has prompted millions of people to donate to the relief effort.

The United Nations estimates that 11.3 million people have been affected by Typhoon Haiyan, with nearly 4 million of them displaced.

The organisation has launched a $301 million (#163;187 million) emergency appeal. This will follow its consolidated appeal process, which helps to coordinate agencies' efforts.

In addition to providing for survivors' immediate needs in terms of water, food, medicine and shelter, money is also going towards education.

Within five days of the typhoon, Unicef had donated 1,860 tarpaulins and 72 larger tents for use as schools. A spokesperson for the children's charity said: "Unicef is seeking funding to establish safe learning spaces so that children can get back to learning and parents can be reassured that their children are safe during the day.

"Unicef will help set up psychosocial recovery programmes, including training thousands of teachers and day-care workers in how to use play and artwork to help children overcome the trauma they have experienced."

Aid agencies have warned that it can take a long time to restore children's education. A report from Save the Children called In the Face of Disaster reveals that almost a third of the 2,500 children the charity talked to about the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami were still living in temporary accommodation two years later. Their education had also not returned to pre-tsunami levels.

2.8m - Number of preschool and school-aged children driven from their homes by Typhoon Haiyan

Source: Unicef. bit.lyUnicefFigures

3,000 - More than 3,000 schools and 2,400 day-care centres appear to be affected in Eastern Visayas, the hardest-hit region

Source: Unicef. bit.lyUnicefFigures

UNITED NATIONS CONSOLIDATED APPEAL PROCESS

Average amount of funding received by sector during 2000-07 as a percentage of total funding requested

Source: Global Humanitarian Assistance 20072008, Development Initiatives (2008), figure 1.30. bit.lyUNsector

81% Food

40% Security

38% Health

37% Water amp; Sanitation

36% Education

34% Human Rights

29% Economic Recovery

29% Shelter.

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