Scientists, engineers and former members of the armed services are being encouraged to take up teaching.
Jim Knight, the schools minister, said that he wants them to move into the classroom and pass on their experience and enthusiasm to pupils.
Transition to Teaching, a joint programme between employers and the Training and Development Agency for Schools, will be launched in the spring and will begin training new teachers from the autumn.
A recent agency survey indicated that a quarter of workers aged 45 to 50 who are planning a career change want to become teachers, especially in physics and maths.
The Government has appointed Larry Hirst, chief executive of IBM UK, to head a committee to design a programme to help people with science and maths degrees go into teaching as a second career.