Streaming can enforce inequality, says report

3rd August 2007 at 01:00
TRACKING AND STREAMING at a young age can be divisive and make it more difficult for poor British children to succeed in life, according to a major international study.

Disadvantaged children have fewer opportunities to improve themselves partly because education policies embed social divisions, says the report.

The Government's mantra of school choice is called into question by the findings of the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development's policy paper No More Failures, to be published next month.

It said that better-off parents shrewdly exploit choice. It backed policies such as admissions lotteries for popular schools, used in Brighton and Hove, saying they foster equality.

Ed Balls, the Secretary for Children, Schools and Families, has said he prefers setting, in which children are grouped according to their attainment in individual subjects. David Cameron, Conservative leader, has called for a grammar stream in every school.

"Early tracking and streaming need to be justified in terms of proven benefits as they very often pose risks to equity," the OECD said. If tracking and streaming were used when children were older, the effects were not as marked, it said.

The OECD's paper coincides with a report from the centre-left think-tank IPPR that recommends free school meals during the holidays for children from socially deprived backgrounds to keep them away from the cheap, unhealthy food that causes obesity.

John Bangs, head of education for the National Union of Teachers, said the OECD report confirmed that early streaming damaged some children's ability to get the best out of life.

The Working with Others programme, based at the University of Brighton, works with schools to group children with mixed abilities in classrooms. Programme director Dr Cathy Ota said the feedback showed it had a positive impact.

But a spokesman for the Department for Children, Schools and Families said the Government is committed to setting and grouping by ability, not to streaming, which assumes children have the same level of attainment in all subjects.

Log-in as an existing print or digital subscriber

Forgotten your subscriber ID?


To access this content and the full TES archive, subscribe now.

View subscriber offers


Get TES online and delivered to your door – for less than the price of a coffee

Save 33% off the cover price with this great subscription offer. Every copy delivered to your door by first-class post, plus full access to TES online and the TES app for just £1.90 per week.
Subscribers also enjoy a range of fantastic offers and benefits worth over £270:

  • Discounts off TES Institute courses
  • Access over 200,000 articles in the TES online archive
  • Free Tastecard membership worth £79.99
  • Discounts with Zipcar,, Virgin Wines and other partners
Order your low-cost subscription today