Retells events, such as anecdotes, accounts of observations and experiences.
* Usually starts by setting the scene, such as: "Last Christmas our family stayed at my grandparents' house."
* Events recounted in chronological order.
* Some sort of concluding statement, such as: "We finally arrived home on December 27."
* Focuses on specific occasions and people.
* Past tense.
* Many temporal connectives, such as first, then, next, finally.
* Often written in first person (I or we).
Persuasion Text Argues the case for a point of view, for example letters, advertisements, promotional literature.
* May begin by stating a case, such as: "Christmas is too commercialised. "
* Arguments - often given as statement with elaboration, such as:
"Christmas promotions begin in September."
* May finish with revision of main points, leading to restatement of case:
"We have seen that... Therefore..."
* Simple present tense.
* Usually about general rather than specific participants.
* Many logical connectives, such as: this shows... because ... however. .. so.
Presents a balanced argument, like an essay.
Characteristics * Begins with statement of the issue.
* Presents arguments with evidence for and against the issue. These may be interwoven or presented separately (all arguments for, then all against).
* Final summary and conclusion.
Language features * Simple present tense.
* Non-specific participants, such as: "Some people would argue..."
* Logical connectives, such as therefore, because, however.
Adapted from the National Literacy Strategy Framework for Teaching and the NLS training materials on reading and writing for information.