What the ministers said:
Jacqui Smith, schools minister, June 2005.
"City academies, for example, are not a betrayal of our values. They are an attempt to solve the most enduring problem of British politics, failing schools."
James Purnell, minister for creative industries and tourism, September 2005.
"Academies are I helping to overcome the effects of generational disadvantage and years of school failure."
Tony Blair, September 2005.
"We will use the full range of existing legislative powers to enable new promoters to take over or replace weak and failing schools with the new academies."
David Blunkett, then education secretary, March 2000.