A/AS Level Economics (Macro) - Circular Flow of Income and the Multiplier

This resource introduces the Circular Flow of Income model and the Multiplier. It is aimed at Year 12 students (AS Level) and is a foundation for the A Level course.

The following resources are included:

  1. Revision notes for students (2,000 words / 6 pages).
  2. Typical exam questions (15).
  3. Model answers.
    All resources are in Microsoft Word format (so that you can amend them if you wish).

You are welcome to print / copy these resources for your students, or put on your internal VLE – but please do not share with other institutions or put on an external website.

The following concepts are covered:
■ The Circular Flow of Income, including injections and withdrawals.
■ Measuring the size of the economy: National Output/Income/Expenditure.
■ GDP & GNP.
■ Nominal vs Real rises in GDP.
■ Income vs Wealth.
■ The Multiplier effect.
■ Average vs Marginal propensity to consume / save.
■ Calculating the multiplier (incl. marginal propensity to save, tax & import).

Save for later
  • Circular-Flow-of-Income---Revision-notes.docx
  • Circular-Flow-of-Income---Typical-exam-questions.docx
  • Circular-Flow-of-Income---Model-answers.docx

About this resource


Created: Mar 6, 2018

Updated: Mar 4, 2019


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