What is Jerusalem?
We find the word Jerusalem mostly without Yod. But according to the reading tradition, it should be read as Yerushalayim. The name of the city is first mentioned in Genesis -- 14-18 by the name Shalem. Many scholars believe that the name is based on two elements: Yeru -- to establish and Shalem (salem) -- a name of a Canaanite god. Genesis 14:18 וּמַלְכִּי־צֶ֙דֶק֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ שָׁלֵ֔ם הוֹצִ֖יא לֶ֣חֶם וָיָ֑יִן וְה֥וּא כֹהֵ֖ן לְאֵ֥ל עֶלְיֽוֹן׃ Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.


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Created: Sep 27, 2013

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