Guided by the 2016 A-level Geography specifications, this comprehensive teaching resource juxtaposes vulnerability, risk, coping capacity, impact and the disaster management cycle in the two disaster hotspots Haiti and Japan. The Haiti earthquake (2010) and the Tōhoku, Japan earthquake and tsunamis (2011) demonstrate how impact, path and duration of recovery depend on country-specific factors.
While Japan was underprepared for the earthquakes and tsunamis, Haiti was entirely unprepared. Though unleashed by natural seismic events, the tragic death toll in Haiti and the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear disaster in Japan could both be considered man-made.
Throughout the "Tectonic activity and hazards" series, the relationship between disaster and level of development is explored, drawing on the work of the international medical relief organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF).
Teachers are encouraged to review and select content and activities to best match their students’ needs.
Haiti: deadly earthquake
· Part I: Anatomy of an earthquake, immediate impacts, and physical and human factors
· Part II: Emergency relief phase of disaster response
· Part III: Protracted emergency relief phase, shelter, water and sanitation, cholera, and violence
· Part IV: Rehabilitation, reconstruction, and outlook
· Part V: Watershed moment for GIS, social media, crowd-sourced mapping in disaster response,
Japan: once-in-a-century earthquake and tsunami
· Part I: Disaster Risk Reduction global policies, resilience, and Japan country and natural hazard profile
· Part II: Earthquake preparedness and mitigation in Japan
· Part III: How effective were disaster preparation and mitigation in the face of the Tōhoku triple
disaster in 2011?
Comparison of case studies
In the PowerPoint resource, Haiti earthquake (2010) and the Tōhoku, Japan earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster (2011) demonstrate how impacts, path and duration of recovery depend on country-specific factors and level of development.
· Part I: disaster hotspots, World Risk Report, urban risk, perception, preparedness and insurance
· Part II: seismic events and their human and economic impact compared
· Part III: humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction, MSF response, and long-term impacts