White Rose Maths Hub scheme of work

Year 1
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Autumn
Autumn
Spring
Summer
All Topics

Addition and subtraction within 10

  • Year group: Year 1
  • Term: Autumn
  • Topic: Addition and subtraction
  • Duration: 4 weeks
  • Keystage: KS1
  • Age Range: 5 to 6 yrs
  • Unit can be taught out of sequence: N
  • Week Range: 5 - 8

In this chapter, pupils build on their work on place value up to 10. In order to understand addition and subtraction, they should be able to compare and appreciate the size of numbers, as well as represent them using a variety of objects, such as counters and cubes.

Pupils start to read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and the equals sign (=). They begin to understand what it means to add and subtract two numbers and use concrete objects and simple part-whole diagrams to represent this. They write related calculation statements using these representations.

Throughout this chapter, pupils explore how numbers within 10 can be partitioned and, as such, are able to represent and use number bonds of any number up to 10. They also add and subtract one-digit numbers (including 0) within 10.

Using concrete objects and pictorial representations, pupils solve simple one-step and missing number problems. They also start to understand the different uses of the subtraction symbol, such as to “take away” and “find the difference”.

 Download all addition and subtraction chapters as a PDF 

Resources for this topic

White Rose Maths

Complements to Ten

These resources are great to follow on from work with a Ten Frame. They look at fact families within 10
By WRMaths

Part whole models with 10

Basic part whole models for adding and subtracting numbers within 10
By WRMaths

Addition and subtraction within 10

A year 1 resource for addition and subtraction.
By WRMaths

Mathematics Mastery

Addition and subtraction within 10

Mathematical discussion is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.

Talk Tasks are a brilliant way of enabling pupils to develop their mathematical language, thinking, understanding and confidence.

This activity explores the concept of Addition and subtraction within 10.

• Talk tasks are best completed in mixed attainment pairs, with pupils taking turns to listen and construct arguments
• Emphasis is on discussion rather than the solution, encouraging pupils to use key language and talk in full sentences
• Ask pupils to prove their answers in a variety of ways, using the CPA approach to support mathematical understanding and number sense

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.
By Mathematics Mastery

Addition and subtraction within 10

Mathematical discussion is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.

Talk Tasks are a brilliant way of enabling pupils to develop their mathematical language, thinking, understanding and confidence.

This activity explores the concept of Addition and subtraction within 10.

• Talk tasks are best completed in mixed attainment pairs, with pupils taking turns to listen and construct arguments
• Emphasis is on discussion rather than the solution, encouraging pupils to use key language and talk in full sentences
• Ask pupils to prove their answers in a variety of ways, using the CPA approach to support mathematical understanding and number sense

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.
By Mathematics Mastery

Resources shared by teachers

Year 1 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 5

This pack of resources covers Year 1 addition and subtraction for the 5th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 5 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Part Whole Models
- The Addition Symbol
- Number Bonds within 10
- Fact Families - Addition

I have taken on previous feedback and changed the font to be more 'child friendly' I hope this is beneficial. I have also included the original files so any fonts can be changed and date/LO can be added.
I hope you find the resources useful. Any feedback very welcome.

Please note - the PowerPoint files included in this pack are not lessons, they are the worksheets and activities from the pack just not in PDF format.
By MKConnolly

Year 1 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 6

This pack of resources covers Year 1 addition and subtraction for the 6th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 6 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Systematic Number Bonds
- Number Bonds to 10
- Compare Number Bonds
- Adding Together

I have taken on previous feedback and changed the font to be more 'child friendly' I hope this is beneficial. I have also included the original files so any fonts can be changed and date/LO can be added.
I hope you find the resources useful. Any feedback very welcome.

Please note - the PowerPoint files included in this pack are not lessons, they are the worksheets and activities from the pack just not in PDF format.
By MKConnolly

Year 1 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 7

This pack of resources covers Year 1 addition and subtraction for the 7th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 7 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Adding More
- Finding a Part
- How Many Left (1)
- How Many Left (2)
- Breaking Apart

I have taken on previous feedback and changed the font to be more 'child friendly' I hope this is beneficial. I have also included the original files so any fonts can be changed and date/LO can be added.
I hope you find the resources useful. Any feedback very welcome.

Please note - the PowerPoint files included in this pack are not lessons, they are the worksheets and activities from the pack just not in PDF format.
By MKConnolly

Year 1 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 8

This pack of resources covers Year 1 addition and subtraction for the 8th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 8 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Counting Back
- Fact Families: The 8 Facts
- Finding the Difference
- Comparing Statements (1)
- Comparing Statements (2)

I have taken on previous feedback and changed the font to be more 'child friendly' I hope this is beneficial. I have also included the original files so any fonts can be changed and date/LO can be added.
I hope you find the resources useful. Any feedback very welcome.

Please note - the PowerPoint files included in this pack are not lessons, they are the worksheets and activities from the pack just not in PDF format.
By MKConnolly

Year 1 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 5 to 8

This bundle of resources covers Year 1 addition and subtraction for weeks 5 to 8 of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

The bundle contains 4 packs, one for each week of teaching.

Week 5 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Part Whole Models
- The Addition Symbol
- Number Bonds within 10
- Fact Families - Addition

Week 6 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Systematic Number Bonds
- Number Bonds to 10
- Compare Number Bonds
- Adding Together

Week 7 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Adding More
- Finding a Part
- How Many Left (1)
- How Many Left (2)
- Breaking Apart

Week 8 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Counting Back
- Fact Families: The 8 Facts
- Finding the Difference
- Comparing Statements (1)
- Comparing Statements (2)


I have taken on previous feedback and changed the font to be more 'child friendly' I hope this is beneficial. I have also included the original files so any fonts can be changed and date/LO can be added.
I hope you find the resources useful. Any feedback very welcome.

Please note - the PowerPoint files included in this bundle are not lessons, they are the worksheets and activities from the pack just not in PDF format.
By MKConnolly

Find the difference numbers to 10

A powerpoint to introduce children to finding the difference between two numbers (to 10) through subtraction. Powerpoint includes visual representation to support children.
By vikkivale1

Adding one digit numbers with part whole models

Using part whole models to add one digit number, increasing difficulty with added reasoning and problem solving throughout.
By bch89

Maths Y1 Summer Teaching Sequence 3

Adding and Subtracting, paritioning eight, nine and ten (three days).

Children revise recording the related subtraction facts for pairs to 10 and 8. They use the idea of equality and the image of the number balance to help them to write number sentences such as 7 + 3 = 6 + 4. Nine is partitioned into pairs of numbers using the familiar image of the coat hanger and pegs, and children write the related addition and subtraction facts. Children act out simple number stories, use number facts to find the answer, and then record the associated addition or subtraction. They create their own simple number stories using a writing frame.

Find additional lesson plans and resources at www.hamilton-trust.org.uk.
By Hamilton Trust