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Multiplication of two-digit numbers and short division

  • Year group: Year 5
  • Term: Spring
  • Topic: Multiplication and division
  • Duration: 2 weeks
  • Keystage: KS2
  • Age Range: 9 to 10 yrs
  • Unit can be taught out of sequence: N
  • Week Range: 1 - 2

In this chapter, pupils multiply numbers with up to four digits by a one or two-digit number using formal written methods, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers. They are also introduced to short division.

Pupils use multiplication facts (times tables) to multiply whole numbers by 10, 100 and 1000. While this is primarily useful in long multiplication, these mental skills must also be practised and applied beyond this. Pupils should have numerous opportunities draw on known facts to multiply and divide numbers mentally, as well as to multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000.

They begin to use formal written methods for short division and use representations, such as place value counters, to divide numbers with up to four digits by a one-digit number, and interpret remainders appropriately for the context.

Pupils solve multiplication and division problems, including those involving scaling by simple fractions and rates. For a given multiplication or division calculation, they decide on the most appropriate method, be it mentally or through the use of informal jottings or formal written methods.

 Download all multiplication and division chapters as a PDF 

Resources for this topic

White Rose Maths

Multiplying by 10 - Discover

This worksheet is aimed at Y5 and looks at the effect of multiplying by 10. The worksheet encourages place value grids. Pupils will see the effect of multiplying by 10.
Subsequent questions build on this as pupils move through the exercise. Similar concept can be used for dividing by 10, which should help pupils then generalise about multiply by 100 and 1000.
By WRMaths

Multiplying and Dividing by 10, 100, 1000

This is a worksheet on multiplying and dividing whole numbers (and some decimals) by 10, 100, 1000. Pupils should be encouraged to use place value grids and counters to help them understand what happens.

The worksheets works through some quite basic fluency to more reasoning and problem solving questions that test a deeper understanding of the concept.
By WRMaths

Mathematics Mastery

Multiplication by two-digit numbers and short division

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on multiplication by two-digit numbers and short division.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

By Mathematics Mastery

Multiplication by two-digit numbers and short division

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on multiplication by two-digit numbers and short division.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

By Mathematics Mastery

Resources shared by teachers

Year 5 - Multiplication and Division - Week 1

This is the first week of multiplication and division and focuses on the concrete-pictorial-abstract approach to multiplication of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number, followed by the area model for a 2-digit by 2-digit approach.
By JCBrennan

Year 5 - Multiplication and Division - Week 2

This is the second week of multiplication and division and focuses on the concrete-pictorial-abstract approach to multiplication of a 2-digit/3-digit/4-digit number by a 2-digit number.
By JCBrennan

Year 5 - Multiplication and Division - Week 3

This is the third week of multiplication and division and focuses on the concrete-pictorial-abstract approach to division of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number, considering exchanges and remainders.
By JCBrennan

Year 5 -Multiplication and Division

This collection of activities and worksheets take the child through multiplication and division for year 5. It includes:
-Multiply 4-digits by 1-digit
-Multiply 2-digits by 2-digits
-Multiply 3-digits by 2-digits
-Multiply 4-digits by 2-digits
-Divide 4-digits by 1-digit
-Divide with remainders
By JCBrennan

Multiplying and Dividing by 10, 100, and 1000

Scaffold to help support students multiplying and dividing by 10, 100, and 1000.
By Alex Weston-Solomon

Column Multiplication TOxTO Year 4

Unit of work to consolidate column multiplication in Year 4.
My pupils had already started using this method for HTOxO calculations in a prior unit.

Lesson Order:
L1: practice the method
L2: correct mistakes made by a fictitious student
L3: word problems
L4: multiplying decimals
By Lukenarborough

Short multiplication and division puzzle

Pupils demonstrate their understanding of the traditional written methods for short multiplication and division. It also halps develop problem-solving skills.
By nottcl

Division - 'bus-stop' method

A set of 5 progressive division 'crib-sheets' linking the written method to base-10 and numberline. Useful for introducing/revising the written method for division.
By KatySedman