The 11-plus in Kent, known as the Kent Test, consists of two one-hour papers. The first contains English and maths questions. The second paper focuses on both verbal and non-verbal reasoning.
Both tests are multiple-choice, and come with a separate answer sheet. They are marked by an automated machine. There is also a 40-minute writing task, which is not formally marked but may be used as part of the headteacher assessment stage of the process.
The test is taken at the beginning of Year 6 and is administered by teachers at the child’s primary school.
Results are given out in mid-October. Children obtain three separate scores for English, maths and reasoning, adjusted for age. They need to score 320 or more in total, with at least 106 in each. Primary schools can refer children who do not achieve the threshold score to a local headteacher assessment panel, where their written piece and examples of their schoolwork are considered before a final decision is made.
This means that some children who have less than 320 are assessed as suitable for grammar school via the headteacher assessment panel. There are also children who score more than 320 who are sent to a high school because one or more of their scores was below 106.
Children then have to apply for schools through the usual admissions process. Secondary school places are given out on 1 March. Children who have not been assessed as suitable for grammar schools may also apply for a grammar school place, but will be turned down. They will then have the right to appeal.