Following a review of an exam paper, if a school or college remains concerned about the outcome, the next step is an appeal to the exam board.
According to Ofqual’s Regulating GCSEs, AS and A levels: guide for schools and colleges, appeals can be made on the grounds that:
1. An exam board did not apply its procedures consistently or that procedures were not followed properly and fairly;
2. In AS and A levels (as well as project qualifications), but not GCSEs, there was an error in the original marking or moderation, or in the review of that marking or moderation – ie, that:
- An administrative error (such as adding up marks incorrectly) had not been corrected;
- The mark scheme was not properly applied;
- The mark could not have been given by a trained marker who had appropriate subject knowledge and who had exercised their academic judgement in a reasonable way.
The guide states: “This second ground for appeal was new for 2017. It is being rolled out to GCSEs in English language, English literature and maths in 2018, and to all other GCSEs in 2019.”
Full information on the appeals process is available on at bit.ly/OfqualReg