The first Sats in English, maths and science are taken by seven-year-olds with an instant, though unfulfilled, threat of boycott from the NUT.
First Sats boycotts carried out by the NASUWT and NUT.
KS2 Sats taken by all 11-years-olds for first time.
The New Labour government introduces a literacy and numeracy strategy linked to targets of 80 per cent of children reaching level 4 in English and 75 per cent in maths by 2002.
Targets are missed leading, partly, to the resignation of education secretary Estelle Morris.
The government abandons formal national tests for seven-year-olds as the main means of KS1 accountability, in favour of teacher assessment under-pinned by tests.
Delays in marking Sats papers lead to a premature end of the contract to run the tests with assessment company ETS Europe. KS3 Sats are scrapped.
A quarter of primary schools boycott KS2 Sats in a joint action by the NAHT and NUT unions.
The KS2 writing test is replaced with teacher assessment. A new KS2 spelling, punctuation and grammar (Spag) test is introduced.
Government proposals for further reforms to primary assessment go out to consultation – including tougher Sats, baseline tests in Reception, a KS1 Spag test, and the end of “levels”.
A new National Curriculum is introduced; “levels” are abolished.
Nicky Morgan announces a plan for the introduction of new times-tables tests from 2017.
Unions raise concerns about the standard expected in the new tougher tests – and say the assessment burden is “huge and unworkable”.
Baseline assessments are scrapped as it emerges that the three different assessments, approved by the government for schools, are not comparable.
Nicky Morgan is jeered by headteachers at the NAHT annual conference over changes to primary assessment.
The KS1 Spag test is cancelled, after it is revealed the spelling paper was accidentally published as a sample paper on the DfE website.
During Sats week, in the first year of the tougher tests, pupils are in tears after sitting an “incredibly difficult” KS2 reading test. The KS2 Spag test paper is also accidentally published, but the test goes ahead.
KS2 Sats results show only 53 per cent of pupils reach the new tougher expected standard in reading, writing and maths. In the previous year, 80 per cent of pupils achieved what was then the expected level 4.
The government says that the introduction of times-tables tests will be delayed beyond 2017.
Local authority-level KS2 Sats results show wide variations across the country – raising particular concerns about how comparable teacher assessments of writing really are.
Education secretary Justine Greening acknowledges that “the pace and scale” of recent changes to primary assessment has been “stretching”, promises there will be no new national tests or assessments until 2018-19 and pledges a new consultation on the future of primary assessment.
The DfE consults on proposals including: the end of KS1 statutory assessment if a Reception baseline is introduced; the introduction of KS2 times-tables tests from 2019; and a return to using “best fit” for KS1 and KS2 assessments, which allows teachers more flexibility in how they judge writing.