Impact of significant individuals and events: Lord Shaftesbury and the welfare of children; Robert Owen, Elizabeth Fry and improving the lives of ordinary people, Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and the Great Exhibition; Florence Nightingale, Mary Seacole and the Crimean War; Robert Stephenson, Isambard Kingdom Brunel and their impact on travel in Britain and the wider world; David Livingstone, Mary Kingsley and world exploration; Alexander Graham Bell and the telephone.
Impact of changes to work and transport: the factory system and working life for men, woman and children; education in factories and schools; the growth of industrial towns; service in the army, royal navy and merchant navy: ships and seafaring: rail travel, seaside holidays and entertainment; the impact of the railways on the local area; the impact of the building of factories on the local area.
KEY STAGE 3 Britain 1066-1500
The development of the monarchy and significant events: the Norman Conquest including the Battle of Hastings: the Domesday survey: Matilda and Stephen, Henry II and Thomas Beckett: Richard I, Salah ad-Din and the Crusades: John and the Magna Carta: John in Ireland; Edward I in Wales and Edward III in Scotland; the Black Death; the Peasants' Revolt: Henry V, Henry VI, Joan of Arc (pictured)and the Hundred Years' War, the War of the Roses.
Characteristic features of life: the structure of medieval society; the influence of communities of monks and nuns; towns, guilds and charters; the Jews, Hansards and Staplers and overseas trade; art and architecture; the impact of the written and printed word including monastic writings; life as reflected in the work of Geoffrey Chaucer and the Paston letters.