What is clearing?
Clearing is the process through which universities and colleges fill any spaces they have on their courses.
Students who have either missed the late application deadline, not been granted a place on their chosen course or decided to decline their offers will all be entered into clearing.
How does it work?
Clearing operates between July and October and, during this time, students may use Ucas’ search tool to find courses still available.
Ucas advises that students contact universities directly and speak with them for additional information about the course (especially if they decide to opt to study a different subject than originally applied for) and to see if the admissions team will accept them before officially changing anything on their application form.
Once a university has indicated that a place is available and that they will make an offer to a student, new courses can be added to the application. From here it is down to the university to confirm the place rather than a student to decline or accept.
In some cases, come results day, students may exceed expectations and the requirements of their chosen course, and therefore decide to consider other universities or courses with higher, more competitive entry requirements.
Many places on these courses will have been filled already, but it is possible that other students will have unfortunately fallen short of the entry requirements, meaning that spaces become available.
This process is a form of clearing called adjustment and allows students to consider other options. Adjustment opens on results day (15 August) and closes on 31 August. Unless students confirm a new offer on their application, their original one is held open for them.
There is much change and movement between courses on and after A-level results day and it is entirely possible that students who go through clearing end up with a course and/or university not too dissimilar to their original selection.