Apart from fossils and cave paintings, there's not much physical evidence.
The fact we don't know all the answers - that pupils aren't just served up a predetermined body of knowledge - may light the spark of passion for the subject. Perhaps your students will want to join Steve Mithen's quest to piece together the past (page 8).
TESTeacher now brings you a free colour poster each week, complete with notes and worksheets. Tell us what you think.