Students usually want to complete tasks as quickly as possible and move on to something else. This is often down to a natural competitive streak, or to a misguided belief that speed equates to intelligence. Another factor is the impact of the internet and computer games, which offer instant gratification and may even be shortening attention spans.
As part of a pilot project in which my school is involved - trialling project-based learning - it was my job to try to work against this desire to finish and move on, and instead to use peer critique in a process of drafting and redrafting to make work the best it could be. The impact has been significant, with students now recognising that the best work comes from multiple drafts that have been carefully critiqued.
To make sure that all members of the class understood the value of peer critique, I introduced the concept with a YouTube video about "Austin's butterfly" (bit.lyaustinsbutterfly). Here, Ron Berger, chief programme officer at Expeditionary Learning in the US, shows American elementary school students progressive drafts of a butterfly drawing by a first-grade student called Austin. For each draft, Austin's classmates had given him constructive criticism.
My class were left amazed, not only at the quality of Austin's final draft but also at the fact that he got there through simple feedback. The video demonstrates the value of resilience and the progress that can be made by every child. It also successfully models to students the non-negotiable nature of peer critique: the need to be kind, specific and helpful in their feedback.
Over the next few weeks, we explored the idea of peer critique for our own work. First, we discussed the importance of the key principles noted above and how we could ensure they were kept to.
Next, I asked the students to apply the method of peer critique at three points during a project of their choosing, to ensure that each student's final piece was the result of multiple drafts. To facilitate this, we stuck students' work up around the classroom and did a "gallery walk". I gave each student a pad of Post-it notes and instructed them to write and stick feedback on their peers' work according to the key principles that we had discussed.
The change in students' work was evident but the change in their mindset was even clearer. All the children in the class, regardless of ability, were proud of what they had achieved. A culture of critique is now the norm in our classroom and students frequently check to make sure they are going to have an opportunity to redraft.
Katie Alden teaches at Stanley Park High School in Sutton, England, which is taking part in a pilot trial of the Learning Through REAL Projects initiative in UK schools. Stanley Park will be a coach in the second stage of the trial later this year. Read more at www.innovationunit.orgreal-projects
Top 10 peer-assessment resources
1. Peer poster
This worksheet decorates your classroom while reminding students of the peer-assessment criteria as it tasks them with creating an informative peer-assessment poster. bit.lyPeerPoster
2. Advice assistance
Offer your class an insight into the work you do in the classroom by getting them to give feedback to their peers using this guide.
3. Top templates
These templates provide your students with a basic framework that they can use or adapt to conduct peer assessment.
bit.lyTopTemplates 4 Mark of success
Ask students to complete these forms in order to self- or peer assess their work against success criteria.
5. Timely reminder
Are your students always forgetting how to peer assess? Stick these labels in their exercise books to provide a constant reminder of what to do and how to do it.
6. Peer exam
Students become the examiners with this easy-to-read guide to peer and self-assessment, including hints on how to embed assessment into your practice.
7. Talk time
If your class is struggling to get to grips with giving feedback, ask students to use this "interview" framework to direct their conversations.
8. Place-mat provision
Accept no excuses from students when they have these peer-assessment place mats in front of them.
9. Notice to improve
Structure peer assessment with this template, which students can use to pinpoint two positive aspects of a piece of work and one aspect that needs improvement.
10. Powerful posers
The key to useful answers is asking the right questions, so this resource, which offers a plethora of questions for students involved in peer assessment, may prove a helpful tool.