Yet there is a strong consensus that getting children back into school is one of the most important ways of restoring normality. It re-establishes a sense of order in young minds, gives refugees confidence to return to their communities and provides for adults the space to rebuild their shattered lives and livelihoods.
So we are launching today an Afghanistan emergency appeal in support of UNICEF. Our aim is to share with schools their ideas for addressing these issues in classrooms and assemblies and to provide an opportunity for TES readers to support Afghan colleagues.
For all our sakes - but not least for the children of Afghanistan - we urge you and your schools to support this appeal.