* Asylum seeker: A refugee who seeks permission to stay in another country is an asylum seeker. They apply for recognition under article 1A(2) of the Refugee Convention.
* Convention refugee: If an asylum seeker is granted refugee status, he or she is referred to as a convention refugee or a recognised refugee. Their rights include the right to work and the right to elementary education.
* De facto refugee: Also known as humanitarian status. In recent years governments have recognised fewer asylum seekers as convention refugees. Instead some asylum seekers are given permission to remain in a country on humanitarian grounds. Such de facto refugees are more vulnerable to arbitrary decisions by governments and do not automatically enjoy the same rights as convention refugees.
Source of statistics: Refugees by Numbers from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, www.unhcr.ch