Posts will also be created for physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists and dieticians. East and Midlothian will receive pound;30,000 for additional occupational therapists and physiotherapists. West Lothian will receive pound;20,000.
Malcolm Wright, chief executive of the Edinburgh Sick Children's NHS Trust, said the new resources reflected a long-standing recognition that schools had not been adequately served.
Martin Vallely, Lothian's principal officer for pupil support services, agreed but added: "There has been some disquiet that this has come at the end of Lothian Region. But it is a very positive thing to hand over to the new authorities."
Prospect Bank, a special school in Edinburgh that has 60 children with moderate learning difficulties, could gain two-and-a-half occupational therapists; a vacant full-time post has been left unfilled for the past four years. Liz Little, the school's headteacher, commented: "This is a corporate activity: the teachers missed the input and the children needed it."