Christian children sewed yellow stars on to their uniforms and walked hand in hand with their Jewish schoolmates through the streets in an act of defiance against the Nazis, it has been revealed.
Ninon Leader, a former pupil at the Scottish Mission School in Budapest, Hungary, said the girls were encouraged to see themselves as equals by their "inspirational" matron, Jane Haining.
Ms Haining (pictured), a Church of Scotland missionary from Dunscore near Dumfries, in Scotland, refused to abandon the Jewish girls in her care – many of them orphans – at the boarding school when war broke out in 1939.
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Dr Leader, who lives in London, recalled the day in 1944, following the Nazi occupation of the country of her birth, when it was made compulsory for anyone Jewish to wear a yellow star of David on their clothes.
It was a badge designed to publicly identify Jew, and one of the charges that the Nazis later brought against Miss Haining was weeping when seeing children wearing them.
Dr Leader, who is in her eighties and fled Hungary during the 1956 revolution, said: "Miss Haining sobbed and she walked with red eyes among us.
Holocaust Memorial Day exhibition
"I heard later that she had tried to refuse 'to mark those children who were to be sent to the slaughterhouse'.
"Acting in Miss Haining's spirit and personality, irrespective of their religion, every single boarder in the Mission Home sewed a yellow star on their uniforms.
"That's how we left our building for our daily walk to the Heroes' Square and back, hand in hand, as equals."
Miss Haining lived in the south side of Glasgow and worshipped at Queen's Park Govanhill Parish Church before she moved to Budapest.
She sheltered the Jewish children for more than four years until she was arrested and eventually taken to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland, where she died six months before it was liberated 75 years ago.
To mark Holocaust Memorial Day today, an exhibition in honour of Miss Haining is opening in the foyer of Glasgow City Chambers and will run until Friday.
It features photographs, documents, letters and other artefacts relating to prisoner 79467 – Miss Haining – who was 47 when she died in July 1944.
The exhibition, on loan from the Holocaust Memorial Centre in Budapest, will be opened by Iain Lindsay, the UK's ambassador to Hungary.
The Rev Ian Alexander, interim head of the Faith Impact Forum of the Church of Scotland, said it was fitting to remember Miss Haining, who was arrested by the Gestapo on eight charges, including working among Jews in her care, on Holocaust Memorial Day.
He said: "She stood by the girls in her care in good times and bad.
"She had felt called to Budapest to look after them to the best of her considerable ability and she was deeply committed to the girls in her care.
"Remembering her on this 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz is to keep in our hearts the spirit of God's love, and justice, and compassion that guided her in everything she did, that we might be also guided in our lives today."