A bad year for
* THE NATIONAL LITERACY STRATEGY, which was not good enough to enable schools to hit the key stage 2 target or to please the Office for Standards in Education. It is now being merged with the National Numeracy Strategy to become the Primary Strategy.
* DAVID NORMINGTON, permanent secretary at the Department for Education and Skills, who told MPs he was "ashamed" of his department's handling of the pound;273m individual learning accounts scheme. The adult learning scheme was closed down last year amid allegations of abuse and fraud.