Age of chivalry

11th November 2005 at 00:00
Charlemagne's Code of Chivalry (8th century ad) listed the duties of a knight as:

* To fear God and maintain His Church

* To serve the liege lord in valour and faith

* To protect the weak and defenceless

* To give succour to widows and orphans

* To refrain from the wanton giving of offence

* To live by honour and for glory

* To despise pecuniary reward

* To fight for the welfare of all

* To obey those placed in authority

* To guard the honour of fellow knights

* To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit

* To keep faith

* At all times to speak the truth

* To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun

* To respect the honour of women

* Never to refuse a challenge from an equal

* Never to turn the back upon a foe.

Six centuries later, in the Order of the Golden Fleece, the Duke of Burgundy defined the knight's 12 chivalric virtues as: faith, charity, justice, sagacity, prudence, temperance, resolution, truth, liberality, diligence, hope and valour.


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