California dreaming has become a Dutch reality

11th April 2003 at 01:00
Teachers in California preferred not to teach "combination" classes, since they involved twice the work and planning. "You're busy every minute" and they involve "horrendous amounts of preparation", they complained.

But Valerie Wilson points out there is little research on how teachers organise composites. In the Netherlands, after training on the theory and practice of composites, which improved their use of materials and space and approach to disturbances, pupils showed improved behaviour, particularly in their time on task.

"Undoubtedly, the evidence shows that staff development can alter the behaviour of teachers in composite classes, but whether these changes in instruction and classroom management by teachers of multi-grade classes are lasting needs further investigation," Dr Wilson states.

Log-in as an existing print or digital subscriber

Forgotten your subscriber ID?


To access this content and the full TES archive, subscribe now.

View subscriber offers


Get TES online and delivered to your door – for less than the price of a coffee

Save 33% off the cover price with this great subscription offer. Every copy delivered to your door by first-class post, plus full access to TES online and the TES app for just £1.90 per week.
Subscribers also enjoy a range of fantastic offers and benefits worth over £270:

  • Discounts off TES Institute courses
  • Access over 200,000 articles in the TES online archive
  • Free Tastecard membership worth £79.99
  • Discounts with Zipcar,, Virgin Wines and other partners
Order your low-cost subscription today