JULY 7-8. CITIZENSHIP. The Institute of Education, Bedford Way, London WC1, invites papers by January 31 on topics including: citizenship educationpolicy; democracy in schools; and teacher training and citizenship education. Details: 0171 612 6313; e-mail: email@example.com SEPTEMBER 14-16. BETTER BREAKS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY. Barnardo's invites papers on innovative models of community-based short-term (respite) care for children and adults for this international conference being held in Canterbury. Details: 0181 550 8822 ext. 533.