Children need help to avoid Year 3 dip

15th November 2002 at 00:00
Children who fail to make progress in Year 3 need less pressure and more support coping with the transition to key stage 2, say Cambridge University researchers.

The research comes as new numeracy and literacy programmes are launched to boost the pace and demands of Year 3 lessons.

More than a third of seven and eight-year-olds still appear to make no progress or go backwards in writing and maths during Year 3, according to new figures compiled by The TES. Now a study of East Anglian schools, which includes interviews with Year 3 children, suggests that schools seriously underestimate the upheaval of moving out of the infants.

Even for children who do not change schools, the amount of work expected of them rises sharply and classes are often reorganised, breaking up friendships, says Professor Jean Rudduck who led the research. Children with less secure academic achievements in KS1 were most at risk of disillusionment in Year 3, she said.

The study also found that schools do not put their poorest teachers into Year 3, traditionally the explanation for children's dip in performance. In fact the Office for Standards in Education quality ratings show that Year 3 teachers have closed the gap to score almost on a par with their colleagues over the past five years.

Professor Rudduck said: "The dip is avoidable. We found schools where it didn't exist. They tended to be schools with very good induction into Y3, where teachers spent quite a lot of time explaining the demands of the new work and helping pupils cope with it."

Analysis, 24

Log-in as an existing print or digital subscriber

Forgotten your subscriber ID?


To access this content and the full TES archive, subscribe now.

View subscriber offers

Get TES online and delivered to your door – for less than the price of a coffee

Save 33% off the cover price with this great subscription offer. Every copy delivered to your door by first-class post, plus full access to TES online and the TES app for just £1.90 per week.
Subscribers also enjoy a range of fantastic offers and benefits worth over £270:

  • Discounts off TES Institute courses
  • Access over 200,000 articles in the TES online archive
  • Free Tastecard membership worth £79.99
  • Discounts with Zipcar,, Virgin Wines and other partners
Order your low-cost subscription today