Covering their backs
Exam markers put annotations on pupils' scripts to justify their decisions. Researchers from the Cambridge Assessment exam board spoke to markers for business studies and mathematics papers. Business studies examiners used annotation to explain the decisions they reached and to cover their backs should queries arise. Maths markers used annotation to create accountability. Many felt it helped clarify what marks they should award for an answer. But there was no relationship between different markers' use of annotations and reliability.