Sir Ron Dearing's review runs to 700 pages, including five research reports. On these and the following two pages The TES reprints edited highlights of a seminal set of recommendations for the future of 16-19 education
Siobhan McNab is 18 and hopes to become a trainee manager with Marks and Spencer. She decided against A-levels, taking the GNVQ in manufacturing instead. She gained a merit award, and an AS-level grade B in business studies. She now has a place at De Montfort University to do a sandwich degree in business studies. She has already got sponsorship from her local MS store in Bolton, where she does a Saturday job.
Shane Blake is 16 and plays cricket for his county, Northamptonshire, at school level. His ambition is to be a professional cricketer, but he is also considering a career as a coach or a PE teacher. With a GNVQ in leisure and tourism at intermediate level (merit) under his belt and a grade B in GCSE maths, he plans to take a full GNVQ, with an option in business studies. He is also planning to take an AS-level in maths. He wants to take a degree in leisure and tourism.
Alice Jones is 16 and would like to work in the travel or hotel industry. She has passed a GNVQ at foundation level in leisure and tourism, plus two grade Ds in GCSE maths and Italian. She has been offered a place at her local FE college in Blackpool to take an intermediate level GNVQ. She also plans to take extra units towards an NVQ in catering, with day release working in a local hotel. She would like to work abroad and is resitting her GCSE in Italian.
David Edwards is 17 and has been out of work since he left school in Cardiff with no qualifications last summer. He now wants another chance to prove himself and has made a start by gaining a national entry-level award. He has now been offered a National Traineeship with a large electronics firm and hopes to qualify for a Modern Apprenticeship as a computer technician. This could lead to an advanced certificate (NVQ level 3).
These awards group existing qualifications. Level achieved would be displayed on certificate.
AS and A-level or Advanced GNVQ or NVQ level 3
GCSE grades A*-C or Intermediate GNVQ or NVQ level 2
GCSE grades D-G or Foundation GNVQ or NVQ level 1
Common to all pathways: Three grades ABC
New qualification to reward set number of exam passes at intermediate and advanced level. Plus key skills
New qualification awarded for depth and breadth of study at advanced level. Plus key skills