ITALY: Education minister Luigi Berlinguer has had to step in to end the confusion caused by the abolition of the traditional September examination resits this year.
Italians who failed to make the required grade used to retake the exam and if they failed stayed down a year. It was Francesco D'Onofrio, his predecessor, who decided to replace the resits with remedial courses. Now Mr Berlinguer has sent out a circular suggesting ways of incorporating the remedial lessons into the school timetable and has called for a "peer-collaboration" model in which more able pupils help those who have fallen behind. If pupils are still behind, schools will have to organise classes in the holidays.