South Korea: Female high school pupils are being encouraged to spend more time on science and technology and to apply to top universities. High-school girls currently lean towards humanities, literature and homemaking, and apply to lower-status junior colleges and teacher-training institutes.
Closing the gender gap is a crucial part of a new five-year plan for raising the status of women in society. Female students take up under 20 per cent of the places in the elite universities which provide access to South Korea's top jobs. Women's wages average 55 per cent of those of men.