For governors to make judgments about a head's pay, they need comparative information about the school's performance. They should have information about pupils' performance, the school's own performance and assessment report (PANDA) and a copy of the school development plan.
Heads' salaries should reflect sustained high quality performance. Criteria for such are expected to become progressively more challenging.
Governors should consider the school's leadership, the quality of its management and pupils' progress. This includes how the school performs in particular subject areas, how pupils have performed in relation to their prior attainment, how their ahievement compares with that of pupils from similar schools and whether any particular teaching and learning practices be identified as having contributed to certain successful results.
They should also consider whether there any trends that can be found in the PANDA which indicate that a head needs to take action and what are the emerging priorities for the whole school.
Governing bodies need to agree a school's strategic objectives and then measure how the head's performance matches up to them. For instance, if there is serious under-performance by boys in GCSEs, the governors might suggest steps that need to be taken to improve performance.